Stacey Abrams vs. Brian Kemp: Georgia’s 2018 Gubernatorial Election | Elections Explained

Stacey Abrams vs. Brian Kemp: Georgia’s 2018 Gubernatorial Election | Elections Explained

Ever think you should be in charge of a group project? Or maybe you’re interested in leading
your peers as class president? Do you think you could handle running
the whole state of Georgia? On Tuesday, November 6, 2018, Georgians will go to the polls to elect all of Georgia’s constitutional officers, including the new governor. This is an important election because
the governor is the chief executive of the state. The process for electing a governor works like this. Typically, both parties hold a primary
election. In a primary, candidates from the same
party run against one another. The only time this doesn’t happen is when
a current governor is up for reelection. In that case, the governor’s party does
not hold a primary and the current governor runs against the winner of the other party’s primary candidate in the general election. So far, both parties have had their primary elections. Stacey Abrams beat challenger Stacy Evans
to become the Democratic nominee. And Brian Kemp beat Casey Cagle in a primary runoff
to become the Republican nominee. The winner of the Democratic and Republican primaries then face off in a general election. And the winner of this race
becomes Georgia’s governor. So let’s learn a little bit more about the candidates. On the Democratic side is former Minority Leader of the Georgia House of Representatives, Stacey Abrams. Abrams is the first African-American female to be nominated by a major party from any state to be the governor. She’s also earned the endorsement of former presidents Barack Obama and Jimmy Carter. And Republican Secretary of State Brian Kemp has also earned the endorsement of President Donald Trump. Endorsements are ways that politicians,
statesmen, or even celebrities tell the public they personally support
a certain candidate. When candidates create a campaign, they choose issues that are important to them and other Georgians. These are called planks. All of these planks put together
are called a platform. Think about the wood that goes into building a deck. Each candidate then travels around the state making speeches to get their message out to voters. This is called stumping. In the old days, politicians would stand on the
stumps of fallen trees to talk to their constituents. Today they have podiums and
stages, but the premise is still all the same. As Abrams and Kemp crisscross
Georgia making their case to citizens, they hope to convince voters to side with them. And there are two general approaches politicians use here. One aims to turn out their base, or to make sure their party’s most loyal supporters vote for them. An opposite approach is to create a broad appeal for a candidate’s platform. This is sometimes called “big tent politics” because the candidate tries to encourage as many different people as possible to side with them. Whichever approach they use, these candidates want Georgians to hear their message loud and clear. And besides making stump speeches around the state,
both candidates will spend money on advertising. And a lot of it. This election is already the most expensive governor’s race in Georgia’s history. If you turn on your TV or go online, you might see ads with phrases like,
“I’m so-and-so and I approve this message.” Some ads will encourage you to vote for them but others might get very negative about the opposing candidate. Although voters say they don’t like this form of negative advertising it has proven to be effective. And these attack ads are nothing new. They date as far back as the election of 1800 between Thomas Jefferson and John Adams. And they’re very common in state
and national elections. Attack ads are used to make someone
not want to vote for one person and decide to vote for the other, or not
vote at all. But why all this advertising and speech making when Georgia has been a reliable
Republican state since 2002? It is true for the last 16 years Georgia has
been considered a red state. And you might notice a pattern. Southern and many midwestern states tend to be “red,” or Republican. Northeastern and coastal states tend
to be “blue,” or Democrat. If a state changes from time to time or is in the process of changing its dominant political party, it’s called a swing state. Others refer to these states as “purple.” Some analysts believe Georgia
might be turning purple, and this election could be the one where the state
swings from Republican to Democrat. Red, blue, or purple, one thing is for sure, all eyes are definitely on Georgia this election season. If there are any other topics you want
to learn more about, let us know in the comments section below. And don’t forget to give this video a thumbs up and subscribe to our channel for more explainers!

2 thoughts on “Stacey Abrams vs. Brian Kemp: Georgia’s 2018 Gubernatorial Election | Elections Explained

  1. Thank you for that quick and efficient break down! I'll share as a small reminder for my peers to vote this weekend and next week! 🗳

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